This book examines the process and the impact of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, otherwise known as the Tokyo Trial, which was convened in 1946 to try political military leaders accused of involvement in war crimes. Offering valuable research material on the establishment of the tribunal, it studies the background to the establishment of the International Military Tribunal and the lessons learned from earlier trials of World War One War Criminals. It addresses the IMTFE charter and records the establishment and development of the Tokyo Trial war crime principles, the confirmation of the Class A War Criminal list and the subsequent arrests and interrogations. It revisits the organization of the judges, the responsibilities of the prosecution and defense teams as well as the US representation in the defence. Offering the perspective of a Chinese prosecutor who was both jurist and witness, this unique text engages with the Tokyo Trial from an interdisciplinary perspective, bringing in both international law and international relations, and over seven decades later measures the significance and ongoing legacy of the Tokyo Trial for contemporary international criminal justice in Asia and beyond.